Anatomic basis of lag screw placement in the anterior column of the acetabulum

Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1997 Jun:(339):200-5. doi: 10.1097/00003086-199706000-00028.

Abstract

The projection point of the axis of the anterior column of the acetabulum on the outer table of the iliac wing was determined in 15 adult bony hemipelves. The optimal entry point for lag screw fixation in the anterior column was located 16 +/- 3.9 mm superior to the midpoint of the line connecting the apex of the sciatic notch with the notch between anterior superior iliac spine and anterior inferior iliac spine, and 46 +/- 5.9 mm superior to the acetabular rim. The mean inclination of the projected axis was 90.6 degrees +/- 5.0 degrees in the sagittal plane and 29.0 degrees +/- 4.4 degrees in the transverse plane. These data may facilitate insertion of a lag screw into the anterior acetabular column and minimize the risk of articular violation or cortical penetration because there is a narrow margin of safety. The lag screw placement also may be aided by palpating the anterior column with a finger and by intraoperative fluoroscopy for visualization of the hip joint and the anterior column in the obturator or pelvic outlet views.

MeSH terms

  • Acetabulum / anatomy & histology*
  • Acetabulum / injuries*
  • Aged
  • Anthropometry
  • Bone Screws*
  • Cadaver
  • Female
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Fractures, Bone / diagnostic imaging
  • Fractures, Bone / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Palpation