Anthracyclines Modulate Multidrug Resistance Protein (MRP) Mediated Organic Anion Transport

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1997 May 22;1326(1):12-22. doi: 10.1016/s0005-2736(97)00003-5.


We studied the ATP-dependent uptake of dinitrophenyl-glutathione (GS-DNP) into plasma membrane vesicles derived from parental GLC4 cells and from multidrug resistant GLC4/ADR cells. The latter have a high expression of the multidrug resistance protein (MRP). Uptake of GS-DNP into membrane vesicles from GLC4/ADR cells was highly stimulated by the addition of ATP, compared to the uptake into membrane vesicles from GLC4 cells. This ATP-dependent uptake into membrane vesicles from GLC4/ADR cells was saturable with a Km of 1.2 +/- 0.2 microM and a Vmax of 560 +/- 80 pmol/mg prot./min. ATP stimulated GS-DNP uptake with a Km of 187 +/- 4 microM. This uptake was specifically inhibited by a polyclonal serum raised against a fusion protein containing a segment of MRP. The ATP-dependent uptake of GS-DNP was not only inhibited by organic anions, such as oxidized glutathione (GSSG), methotrexate (MTX) and some bile acids, but also by non-anionic natural product drugs, such as anthracyclines, vinca alkaloids and etoposide (VP-16). Uptake of GSSG and MTX into membrane vesicles from GLC4/ADR cells could be stimulated by ATP. The ATP-dependent uptake of GSSG had a Km of 43 +/- 3 microM and a Vmax of 900 +/- 200 nmol/mg protein/min. The ATP-dependent uptake of GS-DNP seemed to be non-competitively inhibited by the anthracycline daunorubicin (DNR), whereas the ATP-dependent GSSG uptake seemed to be competitively inhibited by DNR. A substrate binding site on MRP is proposed that comprises a pocket in which both DNR and GS-DNP or GSSG bind in random order to different, only partly overlapping sites. In this pocket binding of a second compound is influenced by the compound which was bound first.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / metabolism*
  • Adenosine Triphosphate / pharmacology
  • Anthracyclines / pharmacology*
  • Binding Sites
  • Biological Transport / drug effects
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Daunorubicin / pharmacology
  • Glutathione / analogs & derivatives
  • Glutathione / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters
  • Anthracyclines
  • Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins
  • S-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)glutathione
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Glutathione
  • Daunorubicin