Painful proximal diabetic neuropathy: inflammatory nerve lesions and spontaneous favorable outcome

Ann Neurol. 1997 Jun;41(6):762-70. doi: 10.1002/ana.410410612.


Proximal diabetic neuropathy is a disabling neuropathy that occurs predominantly in non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients over the age of 50. Inflammatory lesions have been found in nerve biopsy specimens of diabetic patients with severe proximal neuropathy or with other patterns of multifocal neuropathy. Some of these patients respond dramatically to treatment with corticosteroids or with other immunomodulators. In this article we report on our findings in 4 additional patients with painful proximal diabetic neuropathy and different patterns of inflammatory nerve lesions whose condition improved spontaneously shortly after performance of a nerve biopsy, without additional treatment.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Biopsy
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
  • Diabetic Neuropathies / pathology*
  • Diabetic Neuropathies / physiopathology*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuritis / pathology*
  • Neuritis / physiopathology*
  • Pain
  • Postoperative Period
  • Remission, Spontaneous