Phacoemulsification with and without trabeculectomy in patients with glaucoma

Ophthalmic Surg Lasers. 1997 Jun;28(6):469-75.


Background and objective: This retrospective study was performed to determine the postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) control in patients with glaucoma who underwent phacoemulsification with and without trabeculectomy.

Patients and methods: Thirty-five eyes underwent phacoemulsification, and 21 eyes underwent combined surgery. The minimum postoperative follow-up for both groups was 6 months.

Results: The average IOP decreased from 19.7 +/- 4.6 mm Hg preoperatively to 16.3 +/- 3.1 mm Hg in the phacoemulsification group, and from 21.2 +/- 5.9 mm Hg to 14.4 +/- 3.3 mm Hg in the combined group at 6 months (statistically not significant). There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of visual acuity improvement or the number of glaucoma medications.

Conclusion: Cataract surgery, with phacoemulsification alone and combined with trabeculectomy, induces a statistically and clinically significant reduction of IOP in patients with glaucoma.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cataract / complications*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Glaucoma / complications
  • Glaucoma / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Intraocular Pressure
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Phacoemulsification / methods*
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Suture Techniques
  • Trabeculectomy / methods*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Visual Acuity