The study has been taken up to compare the effect of treatment with nicergoline or pentoxifylline and typical treatment in early ischaemic stroke. The study included 121 patients aged 42-75, with the ischaemic stroke confirmed by CT scan, in early stage of stroke (within 24 hours after onset). Excluded from the study were patients with severe physical diseases. The patients were divided into three groups. Group I was treated typically, group II was given both typical treatment and nicergoline during 30 days, with a daily dose 8 mg i.v. within the first 5 days followed by an oral delivery with a dose of 30 mg per day during the following 25 days. Group III had been profited from a typical, appropriate therapy and pentoxifylline delivery during 30 days as well, with a daily dose of 1200 mg i.v. within the first 5 days followed by an oral dose of 800 mg subsequent days. The neurological state was assessed according to the European Stroke Scale (ESS), general fitness according to the Karnofsky Scale (KS) at the admission and after 30 days of the treatment. After 30 days of the treatment, no statistically essential differences between all study groups was found in: 1) mortality, 2) mean survival time, 3) neurological state, 4) patients general fitness. According to the above results the beneficial influence of nicergoline and pentoxiphylline treatment of ischaemic stroke was not confirmed.