Comparison of arbutamine stress 99mTc-labeled sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomographic imaging and echocardiography for detection of the extent and severity of coronary artery disease and inducible ischemia

J Nucl Cardiol. May-Jun 1997;4(3):211-6. doi: 10.1016/s1071-3581(97)90081-7.

Abstract

Background: Arbutamine is a new synthetic catecholamine developed specifically for pharmacologic stress testing.

Methods and results: We investigated 39 patients undergoing coronary arteriography to compare arbutamine stress (99m)Tc-labeled sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomographic imaging and echocardiography for detection of the extent and severity of coronary artery disease and inducible ischemia. Rest and stress studies were analyzed blindly according to a 12-segment left ventricular model for both techniques. Each segment was graded according to severity of wall thickening abnormality and perfusion defect (1 = normal to 4 = severe). Total perfusion defect and wall thickening scores were calculated at peak stress and the difference in scores between stress and rest (delta perfusion defect; delta wall thickening) were used as indexes of inducible ischemia. Twenty-one patients had multivessel disease, nine had single-vessel disease, and nine had normal coronary arteries. Diagnostic accuracies for the detection of coronary artery disease for single-photon emission computed tomographic imaging and echocardiography were 95% and 92%, respectively. Extent and severity of coronary artery disease indicated by a peak stress perfusion defect score of 26 +/- 6.4 and wall thickening score of 25.1 +/- 8.4 were similar, and there was no significant difference in the delta perfusion defect and delta wall thickening scores of 8.7 +/- 5.5 and 10.4 +/- 7.1, respectively. Segmental concordance rates for the detection of coronary artery disease and inducible ischemia were 74% (K = 0.47; confidence interval 0.39 to 0.55) and 74% (kappa = 0.42; confidence interval 0.34 to 0.51), respectively. Regional concordance for coronary artery disease was 84% (kappa = 0.68; confidence interval 0.51 to 0.84). Where discordance was present, there was a greater prevalence of perfusion abnormality compared with wall thickening abnormality.

Conclusion: Arbutamine stress single-photon emission computed tomographic imaging and echocardiography provide largely equivalent and accurate pathophysiologic information for the evaluation of coronary artery disease and inducible ischemia.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cardiotonic Agents*
  • Catecholamines*
  • Coronary Angiography
  • Coronary Circulation*
  • Coronary Disease / diagnostic imaging*
  • Coronary Disease / physiopathology
  • Echocardiography*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi*
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon*

Substances

  • Cardiotonic Agents
  • Catecholamines
  • Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi
  • arbutamine