Fine-scale genetic mapping based on linkage disequilibrium: theory and applications

Am J Hum Genet. 1997 Jun;60(6):1513-31. doi: 10.1086/515475.


Linkage-disequilibrium mapping (LDM) recently has been hailed as a powerful statistical method for fine-scale mapping of disease genes. After reviewing its historical background and methodological development, we present a general, mathematical, and conceptually coherent framework for LDM that incorporates multilocus and multiallelic markers and mutational processes at the marker and disease loci. With this framework, we address several issues relevant to fine-scale mapping and propose some efficient computational methods for LDM. We implement various LDM methods that incorporate population growth, recurrent mutation, and marker mutations, on the basis of a general framework. We demonstrate these methods by applying them to published data on cystic fibrosis, Huntington disease, Friedreich ataxia, and progressive myoclonus epilepsy. Since the genes responsible for these diseases all have been cloned, we can evaluate the performance of our methods and can compare ours with that of other methods. Using the proposed methods, we successfully and accurately predicted the locations of genes responsible for these diseases, on the basis of published data only.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Chromosome Mapping*
  • Cystic Fibrosis / genetics
  • Epilepsies, Myoclonic / genetics
  • Friedreich Ataxia / genetics
  • Genetic Diseases, Inborn / genetics*
  • Genetic Markers
  • Humans
  • Huntington Disease / genetics
  • Linkage Disequilibrium*
  • Mathematics
  • Models, Genetic*


  • Genetic Markers