Structural and functional analysis of the mitotic rotamase Pin1 suggests substrate recognition is phosphorylation dependent

Cell. 1997 Jun 13;89(6):875-86. doi: 10.1016/s0092-8674(00)80273-1.


The human rotamase or peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase Pin1 is a conserved mitotic regulator essential for the G2/M transition of the eukaryotic cell cycle. We report the 1.35 A crystal structure of Pin1 complexed with an AlaPro dipeptide and the initial characterization of Pin1's functional properties. The crystallographic structure as well as pH titration studies and mutagenesis of an active site cysteine suggest a catalytic mechanism that includes general acid-base and covalent catalysis during peptide bond isomerization. Pin1 displays a preference for an acidic residue N-terminal to the isomerized proline bond due to interaction of this acidic side chain with a basic cluster. This raises the possibility of phosphorylation-mediated control of Pin1-substrate interactions in cell cycle regulation.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Isomerases / chemistry*
  • Amino Acid Isomerases / metabolism*
  • Binding Sites / physiology
  • Carrier Proteins / chemistry
  • Cell Cycle / physiology
  • Crystallography
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / chemistry
  • Endodeoxyribonucleases / chemistry
  • Heat-Shock Proteins / chemistry
  • Humans
  • Mitosis / physiology*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • NIMA-Interacting Peptidylprolyl Isomerase
  • Peptidylprolyl Isomerase
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Tacrolimus Binding Proteins


  • Carrier Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Heat-Shock Proteins
  • NIMA-Interacting Peptidylprolyl Isomerase
  • Endodeoxyribonucleases
  • Amino Acid Isomerases
  • Tacrolimus Binding Proteins
  • PIN1 protein, human
  • Peptidylprolyl Isomerase

Associated data