Although androgens are important regulators in the prostate, other effectors such as growth factors may also act to maintain normal function of the gland. Human prostate and human prostate cancer LNCaP cells express steroid conjugating uridine diphospho-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) enzymes, and it was shown that the level of UGT activities and transcripts is down-regulated by androgens, especially dihydrotestosterone (DHT). In the present study, we examined the interaction between androgen, epidermal growth factor (EGF), and steroid UGT enzymes. The formation of DHT glucuronide (DHT-G) was inhibited by 47% when LNCaP cells were treated for 6 days with 10 ng/ml of EGF. Northern blot analysis also demonstrated a decrease in the steady-state level of UGT2B transcripts. Treatment with both DHT (0.5 nM) and EGF (10 ng/ml) caused a greater decrease of DHT glucuronidation and UGT2B messenger RNA levels than when the cells were treated with either compound alone. RNase protection assays showed that treatment with DHT and EGF caused a specific decrease of UGT2B17 transcript in LNCaP cells treated; however, the level of UGT2B15 messenger RNA was not affected. As well, Western blot analysis demonstrated a diminution of UGT2B17 protein level in response to DHT and EGF. These results demonstrate a differential regulation of different isoforms of steroid conjugating UGTs present in human prostate LNCaP cells. UGT2B17 was shown to be more labile than UGT2B15, indicating that regulation of UGT2B17 expression would lead to a more rapid change in the level of glucuronidated steroids.