Pediatric noninvasive nasal ventilation

J Child Neurol. 1997 Jun;12(4):231-6. doi: 10.1177/088307389701200401.


Noninvasive nasal ventilation is an effective but underutilized method of chronic respiratory support for patients with respiratory insufficiency due to neuromuscular disease. Noninvasive nasal ventilation corrects nocturnal hypoxia and hypercapnia, resolving symptoms of chronic alveolar hypoventilation. Noninvasive nasal ventilation can allow selected patients with acute respiratory failure to avoid intubation and it can facilitate endotracheal extubation. Practical guidelines and the rationale for pediatric noninvasive nasal ventilation therapy will be discussed in this review.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Contraindications
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Intermittent Positive-Pressure Breathing / adverse effects
  • Intermittent Positive-Pressure Breathing / methods*
  • Neuromuscular Diseases / complications*
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / etiology
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / therapy*
  • Ventilator Weaning / methods