Chest wall implants: their use for pectus excavatum, pectoralis muscle tears, Poland's syndrome, and muscular insufficiency

Aesthetic Plast Surg. Jan-Feb 1997;21(1):7-15. doi: 10.1007/s002669900074.


Solid customized and prefabricated silicone implants have been used by the author for 15 years in a wide range of chest wall deformities. Chest wall implants are often used in males seeking to augment a muscularly deficient or underdeveloped chest; however, their greatest use has come in a variety of deformities both congenital and acquired, such as pectus excavatum, Poland's Syndrome, and pectoralis muscle tears. The implants can be either customized using a moulage technique or are prefabricated, manufactured implants which can be modified on the operating table to repair the contour deformity. The immediate postoperative problem of seroma and subcutaneous implant "show" has been minimized by careful planning, gentle technique, deep insertion, improved patient positioning on the operating room table, and the use of oral anti-inflammatory medications. The long-term results of these implants seem very satisfactory. The patients are usually physically active, and the implants show no long-term sequelae such as seroma, infection, displacement, or rupture.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Breast Implants
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Funnel Chest / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pectoralis Muscles / abnormalities
  • Pectoralis Muscles / injuries
  • Pectoralis Muscles / surgery*
  • Poland Syndrome / surgery*
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control
  • Prostheses and Implants*
  • Silicones*


  • Silicones