A new tick-borne encephalitis-like virus infecting New England deer ticks, Ixodes dammini

Emerg Infect Dis. Apr-Jun 1997;3(2):165-70. doi: 10.3201/eid0302.970209.


To determine if eastern North American Ixodes dammini, like related ticks in Eurasia, maintain tick-borne encephalitis group viruses, we analyzed ticks collected from sites where the agent of Lyme disease is zoonotic. Two viral isolates were obtained by inoculating mice with homogenates from tick salivary glands. The virus, which was described by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing of the amplification products, was similar to, but distinct from, Powassan virus and is provisionally named "deer tick virus." Enzootic tick-borne encephalitis group viruses accompany the agents of Lyme disease, babesiosis, and granulocytic ehrlichiosis in a Holarctic assemblage of emergent deer tick pathogens.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Encephalitis Viruses / classification
  • Encephalitis Viruses / isolation & purification*
  • Encephalitis Viruses / pathogenicity
  • Ixodes / virology*
  • Mice
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction