Management of mycobacterial cervical lymphadenitis

World J Surg. 1997 Jun;21(5):516-9. doi: 10.1007/s002689900265.

Abstract

The treatment results of mycobacterial cervical lymphadenitis in 69 patients between 1990 and 1993 are reviewed. All patients underwent surgical procedures consisting of total excision or selective nodal dissection for lymphadenopathies and curettage for fluctuant cases, followed by antituberculous chemotherapy applied according to the likely or proved mycobacterial species. For this purpose, three or four drugs (including isoniazid, rifampin, ethambutol, and streptomycin) were used for 12 to 18 months. The cure rate was 100% after a minimum follow-up of 3 years. Clinical features, treatment modes, and guidelines for management are discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antitubercular Agents / administration & dosage
  • Biopsy, Needle
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Drainage
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lymph Node Excision
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous / diagnosis
  • Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous / therapy*
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Tuberculosis, Lymph Node / diagnosis
  • Tuberculosis, Lymph Node / therapy*
  • Turkey

Substances

  • Antitubercular Agents