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A Homozygous In-Frame Deletion in the Collagenous Domain of Bullous Pemphigoid Antigen BP180 (Type XVII Collagen) Causes Generalized Atrophic Benign Epidermolysis Bullosa

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A Homozygous In-Frame Deletion in the Collagenous Domain of Bullous Pemphigoid Antigen BP180 (Type XVII Collagen) Causes Generalized Atrophic Benign Epidermolysis Bullosa

S Chavanas et al. J Invest Dermatol.

Erratum in

  • J Invest Dermatol 1997 Oct;109(4):613

Abstract

We report a missplicing event affecting the expression of bullous pemphigoid antigen BP180 (type XVII collagen) in a patient with generalized atrophic benign epidermolysis bullosa (GABEB). The segregation of the mutated allele in the family is consistent with the pathogenic role of the mutation. The homozygous mutation 2441-2A --> G disrupts a splice-site sequence in gene (BPAG2) for BP180 and results in an in-frame exon skipping within the collagenous ectodomain of the protein. The consequent deletion of 9 amino acids in the mutant BP180 is predicted to alter the structure of the homotrimer and is expected to exert a deleterious effect on stability of the protein that would account for the complete absence of immunoreactivity of the proband's skin to antibodies directed against BP180. These findings underscore the importance of structural integrity of the extracellular domain of BP180 for the stability of the protein.

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