Background & aims: Regeneration from cerulein-induced pancreatitis is accompanied by a transient synthesis and deposition of extracellular matrix components in the rat pancreas. The pleiotropic transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 has been suggested to regulate extracellular matrix remodeling during regeneration from acute pancreatitis. The present study was designed to verify this hypothesis by investigating the effect of TGF-beta1 inhibition.
Methods: Experimental acute pancreatitis was induced in rats by supramaximal doses of cerulein. The biological activity of TGF-beta1 was inhibited by injections of neutralizing TGF-beta1 antibody. Changes in the content of extracellular matrix proteins, TGFs, and their messenger RNA concentrations were monitored.
Results: TGF-beta1 expression in pancreatic cells was suppressed after induction of acute pancreatitis by the application of neutralizing TGF-beta1 antibody. Immunochemical analysis showed a clear reduction of extracellular matrix formation during the regeneration of the pancreas in antibody-treated animals. The hydroxyproline content and the concentration of collagen types I and III, fibronectin on protein, and messenger RNA level were significantly reduced in the pancreas of treated animals.
Conclusions: These results provide evidence that TGF-beta1 is involved in the regulation of extracellular matrix remodeling in the rat pancreas during regeneration from acute pancreatitis.