Electrically-assisted transdermal drug delivery

Pharm Res. 1997 Jun;14(6):687-97. doi: 10.1023/a:1012129801406.


Electrically-assisted transdermal delivery (EATDD) is the facilitated transport of compounds across the skin using an electromotive force. It has been extensively explored as a potential means for delivering peptides and other hydrophilic, acid-labile or orally unstable products of biotechnology. The predominant mechanism for delivery is iontophoresis, although electroosmosis and electroporation have also been investigated. The focus of this review is to put these different mechanisms in perspective and relate them to the drug and skin model system being investigated.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Cutaneous
  • Animals
  • Drug Delivery Systems*
  • Electroporation
  • Humans
  • Iontophoresis
  • Osmosis
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / administration & dosage*
  • Skin / metabolism
  • Skin Absorption


  • Pharmaceutical Preparations