Pathologic prognostic factors for patients with breast carcinoma. Which factors are important

Surg Oncol Clin N Am. 1997 Jul;6(3):415-62.


Current technologies can identify subsets of patients who are at greater risk for developing recurrent carcinoma. This article presents conventional and generally accepted pathologic features of breast carcinoma that allow breast carcinoma patients to be placed into low-risk or high-risk categories for recurrence-free or overall survival. Also, the role of flow cytometry, estrogen-progesterone receptor measurement, tumor angiogenesis, and selection oncoprotein expression, such as c-erbB2, are reviewed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Factors