Chemopreventive efficacy of anethole trithione, N-acetyl-L-cysteine, miconazole and phenethylisothiocyanate in the DMBA-induced rat mammary cancer model

Int J Cancer. 1997 Jul 3;72(1):95-101. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1097-0215(19970703)72:1<95::aid-ijc14>;2-9.


The chemopreventive efficacy of N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), anethole trithione, miconazole and phenethylisothiocyanate (PEITC), each of which would be expected to alter carcinogen metabolism, was examined in the dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA) mammary carcinogenesis model. In this protocol, animals were exposed to non-toxic doses of the chemopreventives in the diet beginning 7 days prior to DMBA administration and then continuously throughout the duration of the assay (100 days post carcinogen). Miconazole, an antifungal agent with relatively broad inhibitory activity toward a variety of cytochromes P450, increased mammary tumor latency, decreased tumor incidence at the highest dose and decreased tumor multiplicity up to 60%. Anethole trithione, a substituted dithiolthione and an analog of the relatively broad-spectrum chemopreventive oltipraz, was administered in the diet and significantly inhibited mammary cancer multiplicity but not cancer incidence. NAC, an antimucolytic agent, failed to inhibit DMBA-induced mammary tumorigenesis. Surprisingly, treatment with DMBA plus PEITC, a potent inhibitor of cytochrome P450 2E1, actually increased the multiplicity of tumors relative to that observed with DMBA alone.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • 9,10-Dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene
  • Acetylcysteine / pharmacology*
  • Anethole Trithione / pharmacology*
  • Animals
  • Anticarcinogenic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Body Weight / drug effects
  • Female
  • Isothiocyanates / pharmacology*
  • Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental / chemically induced
  • Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental / prevention & control*
  • Miconazole / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Time Factors


  • Anticarcinogenic Agents
  • Isothiocyanates
  • 9,10-Dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene
  • phenethyl isothiocyanate
  • Miconazole
  • Anethole Trithione
  • Acetylcysteine