The assessment of diabetes-related cognitive and social factors: the Multidimensional Diabetes Questionnaire

J Behav Med. 1997 Jun;20(3):291-312. doi: 10.1023/a:1025508928696.


The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the recently developed Multidimensional Diabetes Questionnaire (MDQ). The MDQ, which is theoretically linked to a social learning perspective of diabetes, was designed to provide a comprehensive assessment of diabetes-related cognitive and social factors. It includes 41 items grouped into three sections: (1) perceptions related to diabetes and related social support, (2) positive and misguided reinforcing behaviors related to self-care activities, and (3) self-efficacy and outcome expectancies. Confirmatory factor analyses, conducted on a sample of 249 patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, supported the construct validity of the MDQ. Adequate internal consistency and significant demographic, psychological, behavioral, and disease-related correlates were found. The MDQ may prove valuable in understanding individual differences in adjustment to diabetes.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Depression / complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / psychology*
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Psychometrics*
  • Quebec
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Self Care
  • Social Adjustment*
  • Social Support
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*