The authors analysed accidents of ophthalmological interest obtaining information from the database of the INAIL (National Insurance Institute for Professional Casualties) concerning the period of 1986-1991. The INAIL registers all casualties that cause work disabilities exceeding 3 days. The investigation included all job types grouped into two major categories: agriculture (16% of all insured labour) and industry/craftsmanship (84%). Over 78% of the cases examined were in the industry/craftsmanship category. Approximately 22% of the cases were in the agriculture category. Every year in Italy, about 6% of regularly employed workers suffer casualties. The incidence of casualties of ocular interest has been a stable 0.37% in the years examined; 2.88% of these casualties produce permanent consequences (1/10,000 workers per year). The risk in 3 times higher in agriculture.