Maternal balanced translocation leading to partial duplication of 4q and partial deletion of 1p in a son: cytogenetic and FISH studies using band-specific painting probes generated by chromosome microdissection

Am J Med Genet. 1997 Aug 8;71(2):160-6. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1096-8628(19970808)71:2<160::aid-ajmg8>;2-1.


A 9-month-old boy with pre- and post-natal growth retardation, microcephaly, plagiocephaly, and several minor anomalies had the initial karyotype: 46,XY,der(1)t(1;?) (p36.1;?). Further analysis showed that the der(1) was derived from an unfavorable segregation of a maternal complex chromosome rearrangement, i.e., 46,XX,der(1)t(1;?) (p36.1;?), der(4)t(4;?)(q?;?). Whole chromosome fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and chromosome microdissection were used to clarify the maternal karyotype as: 46,XX,der(1)t(1;4)(4qter-->4q33::1p36.13-->1qter),der( 4)t(1;4)inv(4)(4pter-->4q31.3::1p36.33-->1p36.13::4q33 -->4q31.3::1p36.33-->1pter). Therefore, the karyotype of the boy actually was 46,XY,der(1)t(1;4) (p36.13;q33). Clinical comparison of the patient's clinical findings showed similarities to individuals with partial del(1p) and dup(4q). To our knowledge the above cytogenetic abnormalities have not been described previously. This case further demonstrates the advantages of chromosome microdissection and FISH in the identification of anomalous chromosome regions and breakpoints.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / genetics*
  • Chromosome Aberrations*
  • Chromosome Banding
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 / genetics*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 / ultrastructure
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 4 / genetics*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 4 / ultrastructure
  • Craniofacial Abnormalities / genetics*
  • DNA Probes
  • Female
  • Fetal Diseases / genetics*
  • Growth Disorders / genetics
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Karyotyping
  • Male
  • Metaphase
  • Pedigree
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Diagnosis
  • Syndrome
  • Translocation, Genetic*


  • DNA Probes