Inflammatory myocardial diseases and cardiomyopathies

Am J Med. 1997 May;102(5):459-69. doi: 10.1016/S0002-9343(97)00331-8.


Inflammatory myocardial disease has been associated with a variety of infectious and noninfectious etiologies. It is associated with the development of dilated cardiomyopathy in some patients. Given its imprecise diagnosis, varied clinical presentation and undefined natural history, it is quite difficult to make broad generalizations regarding its evaluation and treatment. It is hoped continued application of new molecular biological and other techniques will shed further light on the pathophysiologic mechanisms of myocarditis in humans, thus pointing to therapeutic interventions.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections
  • Cardiomyopathies* / classification
  • Cardiomyopathies* / diagnosis
  • Cardiomyopathies* / etiology
  • Cardiomyopathies* / therapy
  • Cardiomyopathy, Dilated
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Inflammation
  • Myocarditis