Two unusual cases of multiple dural arteriovenous fistulas

Neurosurgery. 1997 Jul;41(1):288-92; discussion 292-3. doi: 10.1097/00006123-199707000-00051.


Objective and importance: Two patients with dural arteriovenous fistulas involving the transverse sinus and superior sagittal sinus are described, with a focus on the unique type of venous drainage of the fistula.

Clinical presentation: Both patients presented with papilledema and progressive visual disturbance. Angiography and magnetic resonance imaging showed that the fistulas involving the superior sagittal sinus had a dilated venous channel, separate from the sinus lumen, located within the wall of the sinus.

Intervention: Transvenous embolization of the venous channel of the fistula, proximal to its drainage into the superior sagittal sinus, resulted in closure of the fistula and restoration of the superior sagittal sinus function. The clinical symptoms were reversed; the symptoms are believed to have reflected venous hypertension in the superior sagittal sinus, resulting from the shunted flow and interfering with normal venous drainage.

Conclusion: This unique type of dural arteriovenous fistula may be a variant, occurring in the developmental process of the fistula. It is significant clinically because transvenous embolization can be used to close the fistula and restore sinus function.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Arteriovenous Fistula / diagnostic imaging
  • Arteriovenous Fistula / therapy*
  • Cerebral Angiography
  • Cranial Sinuses* / diagnostic imaging
  • Dura Mater / blood supply*
  • Embolization, Therapeutic*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neurologic Examination
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Venous Pressure / physiology