P-selectin is an important adhesion molecule involved in leukocyte migration. However, to date, no monoclonal antibodies (MAb) generated against rat P-selectin have been identified which block P-selectin mediated leukocyte adhesion. Most studies in the rat have utilized crossreacting antibodies generated against P-selectin in higher species. In a P-selectin deficient mouse we generated an anti-rat/mouse P-selectin MAb, designated RMP-1, by immunization with activated rat platelets. This IgG2a MAb immunoprecipitates a 140 kDa protein under reducing conditions from rat platelet lysate. By ELISA and immunofluorescence flow cytometry, MAb RMP-1 reacts with thrombin-activated but not unactivated rat platelets. In addition, by ELISA MAb RMP-1 binds to activated mouse platelets and recombinant rat and mouse P-selectin. MAb RMP-1 inhibited adhesion of HL-60 myeloid cells to immobilized mouse P-selectin by 97% and to activated rat and mouse platelets by 100% under static conditions, confirming the adhesion function blocking activity of MAb RMP-1. This novel MAb should be useful for studying P-selectin function in vitro and in vivo in both rat and mouse inflammation models.