Diagnostic use of anion and osmolal gaps in pediatric emergency medicine

Pediatr Emerg Care. 1997 Jun;13(3):204-10. doi: 10.1097/00006565-199706000-00007.

Abstract

Analyzing anion and osmolal gaps can help in the diagnosis and management of clinically elusive cases. This article presents two such cases, and reviews the clinical use of gaps.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Acid-Base Equilibrium*
  • Acidosis / diagnosis*
  • Acidosis / etiology*
  • Acidosis / metabolism
  • Aspirin / poisoning
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Emergency Medicine*
  • Ethanol / poisoning
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Mathematics
  • Osmolar Concentration
  • Pediatrics*
  • Poisoning / complications
  • Poisoning / diagnosis*

Substances

  • Ethanol
  • Aspirin