Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 87 (6), 992-7

Milk, Dietary Calcium, and Bone Fractures in Women: A 12-year Prospective Study

Affiliations

Milk, Dietary Calcium, and Bone Fractures in Women: A 12-year Prospective Study

D Feskanich et al. Am J Public Health.

Abstract

Objectives: This study examined whether higher intakes of milk and other calcium-rich foods during adult years can reduce the risk of osteoporotic fractures.

Methods: This was a 12-year prospective study among 77761 women, aged 34 through 59 years in 1980, who had never used calcium supplements. Dietary intake was assessed with a food-frequency questionnaire in 1980, 1984, and 1986. Fractures of the proximal femur (n = 133) and distal radius (n = 1046) from low or moderate trauma were self-reported on biennial questionnaires.

Results: We found no evidence that higher intakes of milk or calcium from food sources reduce fracture incidence. Women who drank two or more glasses of milk per day had relative risks of 1.45 for hip fracture (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.87, 2.43) and 1.05 for forearm fracture (95% CI = 0.88, 1.25) when compared with women consuming one glass or less per week. Likewise, higher intakes of total dietary calcium or calcium from dairy foods were not associated with decreased risk of hip or forearm fracture.

Conclusions: These data do not support the hypothesis that higher consumption of milk or other food sources of calcium by adult women protects against hip or forearm fractures.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 19 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

References

    1. N Engl J Med. 1992 Dec 3;327(23):1637-42 - PubMed
    1. Am J Clin Nutr. 1989 Oct;50(4):833-42 - PubMed
    1. Am J Clin Nutr. 1989 Nov;50(5 Suppl):1182-9; discussion 1231-5 - PubMed
    1. BMJ. 1989 Oct 7;299(6704):889-92 - PubMed
    1. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1990 Jan;70(1):264-70 - PubMed

Publication types

Substances

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback