Employee and public responses to simulated violations of no-smoking regulations in Spain

Am J Public Health. 1997 Jun;87(6):1035-7. doi: 10.2105/ajph.87.6.1035.


Objectives: This study evaluated compliance with regulations prohibiting smoking in public places by using a new method of smoking simulation.

Methods: Sites in Sabadell, Spain, were visited by observers who lit a cigarette, simulating the act of smoking, and noted the placement and content of signs indicating smoking restrictions.

Results: A warning was given in only 17% of sites. A significant association was observed between the presence of signs banning smoking and the elicitation of a warning from people present.

Conclusions: Simulating the violation of smoking restrictions may be used as an efficient method of assessing enforcement of the prohibition of public smoking.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Public Opinion*
  • Smoking* / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Spain