Trends in fatal occupational injuries and industrial restructuring in North Carolina in the 1980s

Am J Public Health. 1997 Jun;87(6):1041-3. doi: 10.2105/ajph.87.6.1041.


Objectives: This study examined the relationship between changes in employment in North Carolina in the 1980s and fatal occupational injury rates.

Methods: Unintentional fatal occupational injuries (n = 1989) in North Carolina between 1978 and 1991 were identified via the medical examiner's system.

Results: Overall fatal injury rates declined during the 1980s, but rates increased 9.6% per year among manufacturing industries that declined in employment size; rates fell among service sector and manufacturing industries that grew.

Conclusions: Increasing occupational fatal injury rates accompanied the decline in workforce in North Carolina's traditional, labor-intensive manufacturing industries during the 1980s, while service sector and expanding manufacturing industries have experienced declining fatal injury rates.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Occupational / mortality*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Industry / trends*
  • Male
  • Mortality / trends
  • North Carolina / epidemiology