Holliday junctions accumulate in replication mutants via a RecA homolog-independent mechanism

Cell. 1997 Jul 11;90(1):87-96. doi: 10.1016/s0092-8674(00)80316-5.


The Holliday junction recombination intermediate, an X-shaped DNA molecule (xDNA), was analyzed at rDNA in mitotically growing yeast. In wild-type cells, xDNA is only detected at S phase, suggesting that recombination is stimulated to repair replication-related lesions. A search for mutations that increase the level of xDNA uncovered a gene encoding a subunit of DNA polymerase alpha. Systematic examination of replication mutants revealed that defects in polymerase alpha and delta but not the epsilon complex stimulate the level of xDNA. These xDNAs are Holliday junctions and not replication intermediates. The level of Holliday junctions is greatly reduced in rad52 mutants, but surprisingly, not in mutants defective in the three known mitotically expressed yeast RecA homologs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • DNA Polymerase II / genetics
  • DNA Polymerase III
  • DNA Replication*
  • DNA, Fungal / chemistry*
  • DNA, Fungal / metabolism*
  • DNA, Ribosomal / chemistry*
  • DNA, Ribosomal / metabolism*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Genotype
  • Mitosis
  • Models, Genetic
  • Mutagenesis
  • Nucleic Acid Conformation*
  • Rad52 DNA Repair and Recombination Protein
  • Rec A Recombinases / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / growth & development
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins


  • DNA, Fungal
  • DNA, Ribosomal
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Fungal Proteins
  • RAD52 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Rad52 DNA Repair and Recombination Protein
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Rec A Recombinases
  • DNA Polymerase II
  • DNA Polymerase III
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase