cNkx2-8 represents a novel member of the NK2-family transcription factors. The gene contains three highly conserved regions, the TN-, NK2-, and homeodomains which are diagnostic for this group of proteins. cNkx2-8 is expressed during chick embryogenesis in ventral foregut endoderm, myocardial mesoderm, epithelium of the branchial arches and the dorsal mesocardium. While cNkx2-8 expression partially overlaps with other NK genes, such as Nkx2-5 and Nkx2-3, its onset and aspects of its expression domains are specific. Thus, structural data and the expression profile suggest that cNkx2-8 constitutes a new homeobox protein which may cooperate with its known relatives in defining an antero-ventral field including the developing heart and pharyngeal endoderm.