A set of vectors with a tetracycline-regulatable promoter system for modulated gene expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Yeast. 1997 Jul;13(9):837-48. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0061(199707)13:9<837::AID-YEA145>3.0.CO;2-T.


A set of Saccharomyces cerevisiae expression vectors has been developed in which transcription is driven by a hybrid tetO-CYC1 promoter through the action of a tetR-VP16 (tTA) activator. Expression from the promoter is regulated by tetracycline or derivatives. Various modalities of promoter and activator are used in order to achieve different levels of maximal expression. In the presence of antibiotic in the growth medium at concentrations that do not affect cell growth, expression from the tetO promoter is negligible, and upon antibiotic removal induction ratios of up to 1000-fold are observed with a lacZ reporter system. With the strongest system, overexpression levels comparable with those observed with GAL1-driven promoters are reached. For each particular promoter/tTA combination, expression can be modulated by changing the tetracycline concentration in the growth medium. These vectors may be useful for the study of the function of essential genes in yeast, as well as for phenotypic analysis of genes in overexpression conditions, without restrictions imposed by growth medium composition.

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • DNA Primers / genetics
  • DNA, Fungal / genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal / drug effects*
  • Genes, Fungal / drug effects
  • Genetic Vectors*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Operator Regions, Genetic
  • Plasmids / genetics
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic / drug effects*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / drug effects*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics*
  • Tetracycline / pharmacology*
  • Tetracycline Resistance / genetics
  • Trans-Activators / genetics


  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Fungal
  • Trans-Activators
  • Tetracycline