Status report on the Childhood Immunization Initiative: reported cases of selected vaccine-preventable diseases--United States, 1996

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1997 Jul 25;46(29):665-71.


The Childhood Immunization Initiative (CII), a comprehensive response to under-vaccination among preschool-aged children, was initiated in the United States in 1993 (1). The goals of the CII were to eliminate by 1996 indigenous cases of diphtheria, tetanus (among children aged < 15 years), poliomyelitis, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) invasive disease (among children aged < 5 years), measles, and rubella (1); reduce indigenous cases of mumps to < 1600; and increase vaccination coverage levels to > or = 90% among children aged 2 years for the most critical doses of each vaccine routinely recommended for children (except hepatitis B vaccine). This report presents provisional 1996 data about reported cases of selected vaccine-preventable diseases. In 1996, no cases of tetanus among children aged < 15 years or of polio caused by wild poliovirus were reported in the United States; the number of reported cases of indigenously acquired mumps was substantially below the disease-reduction target; and the numbers of reported cases of diphtheria, invasive Hib disease (among children aged < 5 years), rubella, and measles were at or near the lowest levels ever recorded and near the elimination targets.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Communicable Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Diphtheria / epidemiology
  • Haemophilus Infections / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Measles / epidemiology
  • Mumps / epidemiology
  • Poliomyelitis / epidemiology
  • Rubella / epidemiology
  • Tetanus / epidemiology
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Vaccination / standards
  • Vaccination / statistics & numerical data