Mechanisms of impaired anticryptococcal activity of monocytes from donors infected with human immunodeficiency virus

J Infect Dis. 1997 Aug;176(2):537-40. doi: 10.1086/517284.

Abstract

The mechanisms by which monocytes from patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have reduced growth inhibitory activity against Cryptococcus neoformans was examined. Monocyte-enriched peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 12 HIV-seropositive donors with CD4 cell counts of 10-210 cells/mm3 (median, 85) and HIV-seronegative donors were compared in assays to determine the binding and phagocytosis of C. neoformans and the respiratory burst and degranulation in response to C. neoformans and zymosan. Monocytes from HIV-infected and uninfected persons bound and ingested C. neoformans equally well; however, generation of hydrogen peroxide and specific release of beta-glucuronidase in response to C. neoformans was significantly reduced in monocyte-enriched cells from the HIV-infected donors. The impaired anticryptococcal activity of monocytes from persons with HIV may be related to defects in both oxidative and nonoxidative effector pathways that occur after the binding and internalization of the organism.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Blood Donors
  • CD4 Lymphocyte Count
  • Cell Degranulation
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cryptococcus neoformans / immunology*
  • Glucuronidase / metabolism
  • HIV Infections / immunology*
  • HIV Seronegativity / immunology
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / metabolism
  • Monocytes / immunology*
  • Monocytes / metabolism
  • Monocytes / microbiology
  • Phagocytosis / immunology*
  • Respiratory Burst
  • Zymosan

Substances

  • Zymosan
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Glucuronidase