Stress fractures. Clinical history and physical examination

Clin Sports Med. 1997 Apr;16(2):259-74. doi: 10.1016/s0278-5919(05)70021-1.


The incidence of stress fractures is increasing among competitive and recreational athletes as well as among children and the elderly. By understanding the continuum of bone's response to stress and maintaining an appropriate index of suspicion, the health care provider can diagnose these injuries appropriately. An accurate history and examination is essential and will differentiate stress fractures from other stress reactions. The more common stress fractures are discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bone and Bones / physiology
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Femoral Fractures / diagnosis
  • Femoral Fractures / etiology
  • Fractures, Stress* / diagnosis
  • Fractures, Stress* / etiology
  • Fractures, Stress* / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Leg Injuries / diagnosis
  • Leg Injuries / etiology
  • Leg Injuries / physiopathology
  • Metatarsal Bones / injuries
  • Sports
  • Tibial Fractures / diagnosis
  • Tibial Fractures / etiology