Human body composition: advances in models and methods

Annu Rev Nutr. 1997;17:527-58. doi: 10.1146/annurev.nutr.17.1.527.


The field of human body composition research is reaching a mature stage in its development: The three interconnected areas that define body composition research--models and their rules, methodology, and biological effects--are well-defined and are actively investigated by scientists in diverse disciplines from many different nations; and methods are available for measuring all major atomic, molecular, cellular, and tissue-system level body composition components in research, clinical, and epidemiological settings. This review summarizes main body composition research concepts, examines new component-measurement methodologies, and identifies potential areas of future research.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue
  • Body Composition*
  • Calcification, Physiologic
  • Diagnostic Imaging
  • Elements
  • Glycogen / analysis
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological*
  • Proteins / analysis
  • Water


  • Elements
  • Proteins
  • Water
  • Glycogen