Objective: The study analyzed the prognostic value of the transcription of several tumor growth-related genes in gastric carcinoma biopsy specimens.
Summary background data: The nodal status is one of the most significant prognostic factors in gastric carcinoma. There are, however, no satisfactory parameters for the preoperative assessment of nodal status.
Methods: A reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis was used to analyze the transcription of several tumor growth-related genes in endoscopic biopsy specimens from 78 gastric carcinomas. The factors examined were cyclin D1, cyclin E, urokinase-type plasminogen activator, 72-kd type IV collagenase, vascular endothelial growth factor, platelet-derived growth factor-A (PDGF-A), transforming growth factor-beta, and interleukin-10. The relation between the mRNA expression and the clinical pathologic parameters was analyzed statistically.
Results: The incidence of PDGF-A (p = 0.010) and transforming growth factor-beta (p = 0.009) mRNA expression increased as the pathologic stage advanced. Nodal metastasis correlated with cyclin D1 (p = 0.045), cyclin E (p = 0.037), urokinase-type plasminogen activator (p = 0.047), and PDGF-A (p = 0.003) mRNA. Interestingly, the expression of PDGF-A mRNA showed a positive correlation (p = 0.004) with the early presence of lymph node metastases.
Conclusions: Tumor growth-related factor mRNA in biopsy specimens may be a new prognostic tool.