Clinical features of epiretinal membranes were examined in 22 eyes of 13 patients with Terson syndrome who were treated with pars plana vitrectomy. The shape and localization of the epiretinal membranes were intraoperatively evaluated and correlated with the presence or absence of posterior vitreous detachment (PVD). Patients with complete PVD, but with no membrane found during surgery, were followed postoperatively. Membrane formation ultimately developed in 13 of the 22 eyes. In eight eyes, PVD was incomplete and the epiretinal membrane was found at the optic disc or along the temporal vascular arcades, displaying retinal folds and vascular tortuosity. Three eyes had massive tractional retinal detachment; five of those with complete PVD developed a thin epiretinal membrane around the posterior pole that became more apparent during long-term follow-up. From these observations, we can classify epiretinal membrane formation in Terson syndrome into two groups: with complete, or with incomplete, PVD. It also appears that multiple pathological processes involving the vitreoretinal interface were responsible for the formation of epiretinal membranes.