Proximal coronary artery stenosis: three-dimensional MRI with fat saturation and navigator echo

J Magn Reson Imaging. 1997 Jul-Aug;7(4):644-51. doi: 10.1002/jmri.1880070406.


The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic value of MR angiography (MRA) with conventional contrast angiography in coronary artery disease. Thirty-five patients underwent MRA and coronary angiography within 4 hours. Of these, three patients were investigated twice: once before and once after balloon angioplasty. The pulse sequence was a cardiac-triggered, single-slab, three-dimensional gradient-echo sequence, employing a spin-echo navigator echo measurement to track the variation of the diaphragm during the scan. The following segments of the coronary arteries were included in this prospective study: left main coronary artery, proximal and middle left anterior descending, proximal and middle left circumflex, proximal and middle right coronary artery, and intermediate branch, if present. In total, 176 segments were classified as normal or having a stenosis of less than 50% and as having a stenosis of more than 50%. Five patients were excluded because of lack of cooperation. Over all, 45 of 54 stenoses were detected and interpretable by MRA. Sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of MRA for detecting significant stenoses were 83%, 94%, 87%, and 93%, respectively. MRA identified significant stenoses within the major coronary arteries with a high degree of accuracy. Sensitivity and specificity are higher compared with exercise tests or scintigraphy or top of the precise localization.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Coronary Angiography
  • Coronary Disease / diagnosis*
  • Coronary Vessels / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography / methods*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prospective Studies
  • Sensitivity and Specificity