Acute respiratory distress syndrome

Crit Care Clin. 1997 Jul;13(3):503-21. doi: 10.1016/s0749-0704(05)70326-2.


Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) occurs in a wide range of adult and pediatric critical care settings. This article provides an overview of ARDS including the controversies in definition, a summary of pathophysiology, diagnosis, clinical presentation, and management options. The article also attempts to emphasize new management options in the management of ARDS, and highlights differences between adults and children.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones / therapeutic use
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Critical Care / methods*
  • Humans
  • Respiration, Artificial / methods
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome / microbiology
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome / therapy*
  • Sepsis / complications
  • Terminology as Topic


  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones