Rap1 (Krev-1) is a small GTPase first identified as a transformation suppressor of K-ras. This GTPase is very similar to Ras, particularly in the effector region, but its function is still elusive. Recent progress in the search for Rap1 function has come from the development of a novel assay to measure Rap1 activation. Using this assay activation of Rap1 was observed in human platelets and neutrophils after stimulation with various agonists. We speculate that Rap1 plays a role in one of the specialised functions of these cells.