Bacteriophage T4 produces a small protein AsiA, which inhibits transcription from sigma70-dependent promoters in E. coli by tightly binding to sigma70 and is therefore termed as anti-sigma factor. We observed that there was no inhibition of single round transcription at lac UV5 promoter when AsiA was added to preformed open complex between RNA polymerase and template DNA. However, transcription was found to proceed normally at 'extended -10' promoters in the presence of AsiA. It appears therefore that AsiA binds sigma70 at its 4.2-subdomain or in its close vicinity. Further experiments on immunoprecipitation of sigma70 and a mutant sigma70-V576G with AsiA seem to corroborate such conclusion.