Anatomically accurate, finite model eye for optical modeling

J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis. 1997 Aug;14(8):1684-95. doi: 10.1364/josaa.14.001684.


There is a need for a schematic eye that models vision accurately under various conditions such as refractive surgical procedures, contact lens and spectacle wear, and near vision. Here we propose a new model eye close to anatomical, biometric, and optical realities. This is a finite model with four aspheric refracting surfaces and a gradient-index lens. It has an equivalent power of 60.35 D and an axial length of 23.95 mm. The new model eye provides spherical aberration values within the limits of empirical results and predicts chromatic aberration for wavelengths between 380 and 750 nm. It provides a model for calculating optical transfer functions and predicting optical performance of the eye.

MeSH terms

  • Biometry
  • Eye / anatomy & histology*
  • Humans
  • Models, Anatomic*
  • Models, Biological*
  • Ocular Physiological Phenomena*
  • Optics and Photonics