Objective: To evaluate if imprint cytology yields the same results as brushing cytology.
Study design: Brushing and imprint cytology of the antral mucosa were obtained from 20 unselected patients referred for upper endoscopy and evaluated by two experienced cytologists. Concordance in the identification of Helicobacter pylori with both techniques was assessed.
Results: In the presence or absence of H pylori, 100% concordance between both techniques was found.
Conclusion: Both techniques yield the same sensitivity for identifying H pylori. Imprint cytology is easier to perform and overcomes most of the problems of brushing cytology.