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. 1997;75(2):127-36.

Visualization of Muscarinic Cholinergic Receptors on Chick Cardiomyocytes and Their Involvement in Phosphatidylcholine Hydrolysis

  • PMID: 9250360

Visualization of Muscarinic Cholinergic Receptors on Chick Cardiomyocytes and Their Involvement in Phosphatidylcholine Hydrolysis

V Goutsouliak et al. Biochem Cell Biol. .


The purpose of this study was to visualize muscarinic receptors and their distribution on cardiomyocytes and to examine the effects of muscarinic cholinergic receptor (mACh-R) stimulation with carbachol on phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis. Cardiomyocytes were prepared as primary culture from 7-day-old chick embryo hearts. Cardiomyocytes, grown on cover slips, were labelled with BODIPY PZ, a fluorescent analog of the muscarinic receptor antagonist pirenzepine, and examined with a laser scanning confocal microscope, mACh-R clusters were visualized and were fairly homogeneous in size with diameters ranging from 0.5 to 1.0 micron. The number of receptor clusters per cell was 83.5 +/- 6.8 (mean +/- SEM) and clusters were found at the periphery of the cell. Cardiomyocytes, grown as a monolayer in dishes, were treated with the 10(-4) M carbachol, a mACh-R agonist, and the effects on phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis were ascertained in cells preincubated with [methyl-3H]choline for 18 h. Cells were washed, lysed, and subjected to thin-layer chromatography to separate [3H]choline in various metabolites of phosphatidylcholine. Carbachol significantly (p < 0.05) increased intracellular free choline and decreased cellular phospholipid consistent with phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis. Carbachol increased the amount of [3H]choline that effluxed out of the cardiomyocyte into the medium. Carbachol-induced choline efflux was not prevented by pretreatment with n-butanol, a phospholipase D inhibitor, suggesting that other lipases such as phospholipase C are the major enzyme involved in phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis. Pertussis toxin prevented carbachol-induced choline efflux and the changes in intracellular free choline and phospholipid. An action of carbachol through G proteins was supported by the ability of pertussis toxin to antagonize the carbachol-induced reduction in cAMP generation from isoproterenol. In summary, mACh-Rs, visualized in living cardiomyocytes, were peripheral to the nucleus. Phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis induced by mACh-R stimulation may be a signal transduction pathway for mACh-R in the cardiomyocyte, operating through inhibitory G proteins sensitive to pertussis toxin.

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