Elucidation of the subunit orientation in CCT (chaperonin containing TCP1) from the subunit composition of CCT micro-complexes

EMBO J. 1997 Jul 16;16(14):4311-6. doi: 10.1093/emboj/16.14.4311.


A collection of chaperonin containing TCP1 (CCT) micro-complexes that are comprised of subsets of the constitutively expressed CCT subunits have been identified. These CCT micro-complexes have mol. wts ranging from 120 to 250 kDa and are present in cells at lower abundance (<5%) as compared with intact CCT. Biochemical characterization of these microcomplexes has shown that several are comprised of two different types of CCT subunit. Furthermore, it was observed that each subunit associates with only one or two other different types of subunit, suggesting that each subunit has fixed partners. This observation, together with CCT gene counting being concordant with the 8-fold structural symmetry, is consistent with predictions derived from analysis of the primary structures of these subunits concerning inter-subunit interactions, and implies a unique topology of the subunits constituting the torodial ring in CCT. The series of subunit-subunit association patterns determined from CCT micro-complexes has provided information to infer, from the 5040 (7!factorial) combinatorial possibilities, one probable subunit orientation within the torodial ring.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Blotting, Western
  • Centrifugation, Density Gradient
  • Chaperonin Containing TCP-1
  • Chaperonins / chemistry*
  • Chaperonins / metabolism
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Molecular Weight
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Folding*
  • Testis / chemistry


  • Tcp1 protein, mouse
  • Chaperonin Containing TCP-1
  • Chaperonins