Mortality from motor vehicle crashes within five urbanization categories in Taiwan between 1981 and 1990 was investigated. Sex-specific standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated within each urbanization category for motor vehicle crash deaths. Most urban areas demonstrated lower SMRs for both males and females. In contrast, most rural areas exhibited higher SMRs for both males and females. Both males and females demonstrated a significant linear relationship between decreasing urbanization and increasing SMRs for motor vehicle crash mortality. A variety of factors may underlie the inverse correlation between SMRs for motor vehicle crashes and urbanization category. These data are most useful in generating hypotheses for further studies to define specific etiological factors operating within urbanization categories.