Injury rates in children participating in taekwondo competition

J Trauma. 1997 Jul;43(1):89-95; discussion 95-6. doi: 10.1097/00005373-199707000-00020.


Objective: To report rates of injuries sustained during Junior taekwondo competitions.

Design: Prospective.

Materials and methods: Data were collected with simple check-off forms that describe the athlete, nature, site, circumstances, and severity of the injury at three major taekwondo tournaments involving a total of 3,341 boys and 917 girls.

Main results: No difference was found between boys (58.34/1,000 athlete-exposures) and girls (56.57/1,000 athlete-exposures) in total injury rate (p > 0.05). Collapsed over gender, significant differences (p = 0.013) in injury rates of body parts were found with the lower extremities (21.83/1,000 athlete-exposures) ranked first. Unblocked attacks are the major cause of injury in both boys and girls.

Conclusions: Coaches are advised to work on the blocking skills of their Junior taekwondo athletes. No head contact for children in taekwondo competition should also be considered.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Martial Arts / injuries*
  • Prospective Studies
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / pathology