Genomic structure and sequence analysis of the valyl-tRNA synthetase gene of the Japanese pufferfish, Fugu rubripes

DNA Seq. 1997;7(3-4):141-51. doi: 10.3109/10425179709034030.


The genomic sequence and exon-intron organisation of the valyl-tRNA synthetase gene in the Japanese pufferfish, Fugu rubripes, have been determined. This single-copy Fugu gene spans 8.5 kb, about 2.5 times smaller than that in man (21 kb). It contains 29 exons, with the largest intron being 1008 bp. The predicted polypeptide consists of 1217 amino acids, with a molecular weight of 138 kD and an isoelectric point of 7.27. It shares 40% identity in the overlapping region with its homolog in bacteria, 47% with yeast, and 67% with man. The Fugu gene has an additional N-terminal sequence which shows strong similarity to elongation factory-1gamma, a feature it shares only with the human sequence, but not with any other lower eukaryote or prokaryote studied so far. This N-terminal segment is encoded in the first six exons, suggesting their capture by a translocation through introns. Indeed, the acquisition of extra domains to perform related functions in RNA splicing and translation of polypeptides has already been observed in other aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases. Two cDNA sequences of human valyl-tRNA synthetase have been published, with discrepancies between them. Aided by comparisons with the Fugu gene, three of these discrepancies have been resolved, involving the elucidation of the sequence and positions of two introns. This compact vertebrate genome has demonstrated its value as a tool for the analysis of genes at the genomic level.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cosmids
  • Fishes, Poisonous / genetics*
  • Gene Dosage
  • Gene Library
  • Genome
  • Humans
  • Introns
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Peptide Elongation Factor 1
  • Peptide Elongation Factors / genetics
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Valine-tRNA Ligase / chemistry
  • Valine-tRNA Ligase / genetics*
  • Valine-tRNA Ligase / metabolism


  • Peptide Elongation Factor 1
  • Peptide Elongation Factors
  • Valine-tRNA Ligase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/M98326
  • GENBANK/X59303
  • GENBANK/X91856
  • GENBANK/X91859
  • GENBANK/X91860
  • GENBANK/X91861