Predictors of risk for different stages of adolescent smoking in a biracial sample

J Consult Clin Psychol. 1997 Aug;65(4):653-62. doi: 10.1037//0022-006x.65.4.653.


This investigation was designed to identify the risk factors associated with different stages of cigarette use in a large biracial adolescent sample. A questionnaire assessing smoking habits and variables thought to be related to smoking was administered to 6,967 7th graders. Analysis revealed that the best predictor of experimentation with cigarettes was the perception that they were easily available. Regular smoking appeared to be heavily influenced by cost. Social influences contributed to both experimental and regular smoking, but the impact of social models varied with ethnicity and gender. Analysis further revealed that weight-related variables were closely tied to regular smoking. Implications of the findings for smoking prevention programs are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior*
  • African Americans* / psychology
  • African Americans* / statistics & numerical data
  • Child
  • Confidence Intervals
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Odds Ratio
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Tennessee / epidemiology
  • Whites* / psychology
  • Whites* / statistics & numerical data