A comparative study of the effects of three guanylyl cyclase inhibitors on the L-type Ca2+ and muscarinic K+ currents in frog cardiac myocytes

Br J Pharmacol. 1997 Aug;121(7):1369-77. doi: 10.1038/sj.bjp.0701249.


1. To investigate the participation of guanylyl cyclase in the muscarinic regulation of the cardiac L-type calcium current (ICa), we examined the effects of three guanylyl cyclase inhibitors, 1H-[1,2,4]oxidiazo-lo[4,3-a]quinoxaline-1-one (ODQ), 6-anilino-5,8-quinolinedione (LY 83583), and methylene blue (MBlue), on the beta-adrenoceptor; muscarinic receptor and nitric oxide (NO) regulation of ICa and on the muscarinic activated potassium current I(K,ACh), in frog atrial and ventricular myocytes. 2. ODQ (10 microM) and LY 83583 (30 microM) antagonized the inhibitory effect of an NO-donor (S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine, SNAP, 1 microM) on the isoprenaline (Iso)-stimulated ICa which was consistent with their inhibitory action on guanylyl cyclase. However, MBlue (30 microM) had no effect under similar conditions. 3. In the absence of SNAP, LY 83583 (30 microM) potentiated the stimulations of ICa by either Iso (20 nM), forskolin (0.2 microM) or intracellular cyclic AMP (5-10 microM). ODQ (10 microM) had no effect under these conditions, while MBlue (30 microM) inhibited the Iso-stimulated ICa. 4. LY 83583 and MBlue, but not ODQ, reduced the inhibitory effect of up to 10 microM acetylcholine (ACh) on ICa. 5. MBlue, but not LY 83583 and ODQ, antagonized the activation of I(K,ACh) by ACh in the presence of intracellular GTP, and this inhibition was weakened when I(K,ACh) was activated by intracellular GTPgammaS. 6. The potentiating effect of LY 83583 on Iso-stimulated ICa was absent in the presence of either DL-dithiothreitol (DTT, 100 microM) or a combination of superoxide dismutase (150 u ml(-1)) and catalase (100 u ml(-1)). 7. All together, our data demonstrate that, among the three compounds tested, only ODQ acts in a manner which is consistent with its inhibitory action on the NO-sensitive guanylyl cyclase. The two other compounds produced severe side effects which may involve superoxide anion generation in the case of LY 83583 and alteration of beta-adrenoceptor and muscarinic receptor-coupling mechanisms in the case of M Blue.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aminoquinolines / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Calcium Channels / drug effects*
  • Calcium Channels, L-Type
  • Cyclic AMP / metabolism
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Guanosine 5'-O-(3-Thiotriphosphate) / pharmacology
  • Guanylate Cyclase / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Heart / drug effects*
  • Methylene Blue / pharmacology
  • Nitric Oxide / physiology
  • Nitroprusside / pharmacology
  • Potassium Channels / drug effects*
  • Rana esculenta
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, beta / physiology
  • Receptors, Muscarinic / physiology
  • Superoxides / metabolism


  • Aminoquinolines
  • Calcium Channels
  • Calcium Channels, L-Type
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Potassium Channels
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, beta
  • Receptors, Muscarinic
  • Superoxides
  • Nitroprusside
  • Nitric Oxide
  • Guanosine 5'-O-(3-Thiotriphosphate)
  • 6-anilino-5,8-quinolinedione
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Guanylate Cyclase
  • Methylene Blue